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2022广西银行秋季招聘考试笔试模拟题(6月9日)

2021-06-09 17:16:38  广西银行招聘  来源:广西中公银行招聘网 

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【练习题】

The Deadly Smoking

A new report from the United States surgeon general finds that smoking tobacco is even deadlier than had been known. The report says smoking causes birth defects — a leading cause of death among babies. It also links smoking to cancer of the liver and colon, diabetes and other diseases.

The first U.S. surgeon general’s report on tobacco and health was released in 1964. It was the first scientific report to link smoking with lung cancer and heart disease. Now, 50 years later, Acting Surgeon General Boris Lushniak has released a new report. His report provides more evidence about smoking tobacco and how it can harm health. “If we’re going to work together to achieve a society free of tobacco-related disease, this must be understood,” said Lushniak.

The new report urges increased use of tobacco-control measures. The suggested controls include raising prices of cigarettes, and expanding bans on smoking in enclosed spaces. The 2014 report calls for research on whether lowing the amount of nicotine in cigarettes could help people stop smoking. It also contains new findings. “Today we know that smoking is a cause of diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and poor response to treatment of arthritis, and increased risk of tuberculosis, disease and death. We’re adding colon, rectal and liver cancer to the long list of cancers caused by smoking,” said Lushniak.

Doctor Lushniak also said smoking suppresses the body’s natural defenses for fighting disease. He said this increases a smoker’s likelihood of getting an infectious disease. “One of the most disturbing findings is that the disease risks from smoking by women have risen sharply over the last fifty years. Women are now as likely to die from smoking as men, women smokers’ risk of lung cancer is now the same as men, and more women die from chronic lung disease than men,” said Lushniak.

The new report finds that those who do not smoke are at a higher risk for stroke if left unprotected from tobacco smoke. The latest research also shows damage to unborn children. Babies are more likely to be born with cleft palate if the mother smokes. The chemicals in tobacco smoke can have lasting effects on brain development in a baby.

1. According to the text, which of the following diseases is not caused by smoking?

A. Liver and colon cancer. B. Lung cancer and heart disease.

C. Rheumatoid arthritis. D. Arthritis.

2. What do we know about the first scientific report to link smoking with lung cancer and heart disease?

A. It was written by doctor Lushniak. B. It was released in 1964.

C. It linked smoking with stroke. D. It was published on a journal.

3. What does the word “this” refers to in the second paragraph?

A. Smoking will harm people’s health.

B. Smoking will cause lung cancer and heart disease.

C. Smoking will harm the environment.

D. There will be a ban on smoking in public areas.

4. Doctor Lushniak said that __________.

A. there are more women smokers than men

B. smoking will weaken the body’s natural defenses for fighting disease

C. smoking is a cause of depression

D. fewer women die from chronic lung disease than men

5. What will happen to people if they are left unprotected from tobacco smoke?

A. They will die earlier than usual. B. They will suffer from cough.

C. They will be at a higher risk for stroke. D. They will suffer from stoke.

 

【参考答案】

1.【答案】D。解析:细节题。题干:下面的哪一种疾病不是吸烟引起的?根据文章第三段第五句Today we know that smoking is a cause of diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis (类风湿性关节炎) and poor response to treatment of arthritis...(今天我们知道吸烟是糖尿病、类风湿性关节炎、关节炎治疗效果不佳的元凶)可知,吸烟会导致关节炎治疗效果不佳,但没有说它直接导致关节炎。故正确答案是D。

2.【答案】B。解析:细节题。题干:关于第一份把吸烟与肺癌和心脏疾病联系起来的科学报告我们知道什么?根据文章第二段前三句The first U.S. surgeon general’s report on tobacco and health was released (发布) in 1964. It was the first scientific report to link smoking with lung cancer and heart disease. Now, 50 years later, Acting Surgeon General Boris Lushniak has released a new report.(第一份美国公共卫生部有关烟草和健康的报告于1964年发表,这是将吸烟与肺癌和心脏病联系到一起的第一份科学报告。50年后的今年,公共卫生代理署长鲍里斯·鲁希尼亚克发表了新的报告)可以看出这份报告是美国公共卫生部部长发表的,而且是在五十年前,鲁希尼亚克发表的是五十年后的那份。故B选项正确。

3.【答案】A。解析:含义题。题干:第二段中的“this”指的是什么?根据题干可以定位到文章第二段第四、五句His report provides more evidence about smoking tobacco and how it can harm health. “If we’re going to work together to achieve a society free of tobacco-related disease, this must be understood,” said Lushniak.(他的报告提供了更多有关吸烟及其对健康危害的证据。“如果我们打算共同努力创造一个摆脱烟草相关疾病的社会,就必须明白这一点。”),由此可知“this”指的是前文提到的“吸烟对健康的危害”,所以A选项“吸烟会伤害人的健康”与文章意思相符。故答案选A。

4.【答案】B。解析:细节题。题干:鲁希尼亚克医生说了什么?A选项“女性烟民比男性烟民多”在文中没有提及。根据第四段第一句Doctor Lushniak also said smoking suppresses the body’s natural defenses for fighting disease.(鲁希尼亚克医生说,吸烟能抑制身体对抗疾病的自然预防能力)可知,B选项“吸烟会削弱人体对抗疾病的自然预防能力”正确,其中weaken是对原文中suppresses的同义转述。故正确答案是B。

5.【答案】C。解析:细节题。题干:如果人们在没有保护措施的情况下置身于香烟烟雾会怎么样?根据题干中的left unprotected from tobacco smoke定位到文章最后一段第一句The new report finds that those who do not smoke are at a higher risk for stroke (中风) if left unprotected from tobacco smoke.(这份新报告发现不吸烟者如果不能远离香烟烟雾,更容易患中风)可知,他们患中风的风险会更高,所以C选项正确。故答案选C。

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